Online Information about Cancer

Resources about cancer

Prostate Cancer Treatment

National Cancer Institute - Prostate Cancer Treatment
Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Treatment Options --
Information about prostate cancer treatment options from the American Academy of
Family Physicians.

Prostate cancer - treatment, symptoms and causes
BUPA health information factsheet - prostate cancer is an abnormal growth of
cells in the prostate gland.

Prostate Cancer Treatment, Radiotherapy Clinics of Georgia
Extensive prostate cancer treatment information including prostate cancer treatment
options, prostate cancer diagnosis and cancer research.

NCCN Patient Guidelines
Prostate Cancer Treatment Guidelines for Patients – ... Prostate Cancer
Work-Up (Evaluation); Treatment for Prostate Cancer with Low to Intermediate ...

Methods of treatment

Treatment for prostate cancer may involve watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, or hormonal therapy. Some patients receive a combination of therapies. In addition, doctors are studying other methods of treatment to find out whether they are effective against this disease.

Surgery is a common treatment for early stage prostate cancer. The doctor may remove all of the prostate or only part of it. In some cases, the doctor can use a new technique known as nerve-sparing surgery. This type of surgery may save the nerves that control erection. However, men with large tumors or tumors that are very close to the nerves may not be able to have this surgery.

If the pathologist finds cancer cells in the lymph nodes, it is likely that the disease has spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, the doctor removes the lymph nodes before doing a prostatectomy. If the prostate cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes, the doctor then removes the prostate. But if cancer has spread to the nodes, the doctor usually does not remove the prostate, but may suggest other treatment.

While the above was the standard of care through the 1980s and early 1990s recent Journal publications indicate that "Radical prostatectomy combined with early adjunctive hormonal therapy for patients with nodal metastasis is superior to all other forms of therapy and should be considered the standard of care. This approach provides survival rates comparable with patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer." Radical prostatectomy for the patient with locally advanced prostate cancer.

Radiation therapy(also called radiotherapy) uses high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells. Like surgery, radiation therapy is local therapy; it can affect cancer cells only in the treated area. In early stage prostate cancer, radiation can be used instead of surgery, or it may be used after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that may remain in the area. In advanced stages, it may be given to relieve pain or other problems.

Cryotherapyis the insertion of metal rods into the prostate and circulating liquid nitrogen through these rods. This process lowers the temperature to about minus 374 F. As the tissue freezes, the formation and expansion of ice crystals within the cancerous cells cause them to rupture and die. A catheter is placed inside the urethra and a warming solution is circulated to prevent damage to the urethra.

Hormonal therapykeeps cancer cells from getting the male hormones they need to grow. It is called systemic therapy because it can affect cancer cells throughout the body. Systemic therapy is used to treat cancer that has spread.



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